When talking about Chemistry, organic refers primarily to the study of carbon and hydrogen with some phosphorus, silicon and sulfur, chlorine, flourine, bromine and iodine. Organic chemistry is somewhat misnamed because the term organic was meant to imply all things associated with living matter, but there are many “inorganic” compounds necessary for normal body functioning. Inorganic chemistry, therefore, refers to everything not covered by Organic chemistry with some overlap.
When referring to agriculture, in most countries, food cannot be Certified Organic unless it meets the following criteria:
Produced without synthetic chemicals, genetically altered organisms, or sewage sludge on land that has been chemical free for at least 3 years, with strict production and sales records and no contact with food not produced organically and with techniques subject to periodic inspection. It is important to note that a label of organic on meat and other animal products doesn’t necessarily mean that those products are cruelty free. Consumers are demanding organic products for consumables other than food; specifically in beauty and body care.